The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for recruitment to higher Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and Indian Police Service (IPS) and simply referred to as the UPSC Examination.
It is conducted in three phases: a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT), and a main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted followed by a personality test (interview). A successful candidate sits for 32 hours of examination during the complete process spanning around one year.
The Civil Services Examination is based on the British Era Imperial Civil Service tests, as well as the civil service tests conducted by old Indian empires such as the Mauryan Empire and Mughal Empire. It is one of the most difficult competitive examinations in India. A single attempt can take two complete years of preparation – one year before the prelims and one year from prelims to interview. On Average, 900,000 to 1,000,000 candidates apply every year and the number of candidates sitting in the preliminary examination is approximately 550,000. Results for the Prelims are published in mid-August, while the final result is published in May of the next year.
Paper I tests the candidate's knowledge on current events, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and world geography, Indian polity panchayti Raj system and governance, economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science, Art and culture.
• Paper II (also called CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test), tests the candidate's skills in comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability. It is qualifying in nature and the marks obtained in this paper are not counted for merit. However, it is mandatory for the candidate to score a minimum of 33 per cent in this paper to qualify the Prelims exam.
Examination - Held in September- October Every year. Results are announced in December-January.
Personality Test (Interview) - Held in March. Final results are usually announced in May.
After the completion of Medical examination of the successful candidates and other necessary formalities, the training program for the selected candidates usually commences the following September.
Eligibility for the examination is as follows:
For the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Police Service and the Indian Foreign Service The candidate must be a citizen of India.
For other services, the candidate must be one of the following:
A citizen of India.
A citizen of Nepalor a subject of Bhutan.
A Tibetanrefugee who settled permanently in India before 1 January 1962.
A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India
All candidates must have as a minimum one of the following educational qualifications:
A degree from a Central, State or a Deemed university
A degree received through correspondence or distance education
A degree from an open university
A qualification recognized by the Government of India as being equivalent to one of the above
The following candidates are also eligible, but must submit proof of their eligibility from a competent authority at their institute/university at the time of the main examination, failing which they will not be allowed to attend the exam.
Candidates who have appeared in an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified enough to satisfy one of the above points.
Candidates who have passed the final exam of the MBBS degree but have not yet completed an internship.
Candidates who have passed the final exam of ICAI, ICSI and ICWAI.
A degree from a private university.
A degree from any foreign university recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.
The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years (for the General category candidate) on 1 August of the year of examination. Prescribed age limits vary with respect to caste reservations.
For Other Backward Castes (OBC) the upper age limit is 35 years.
For Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes(ST), the limit is 37 years.
For Defence Services Personnel disabled in operations during hostilities, the limit is 40 years.
For Candidates belonging to ex-servicemen including Commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered military services for at least five years as on 1 August, of the year and have been released
on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1 August of the year otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency or
on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service or
on invalidation or
Relaxation of up to a maximum of five years will be given in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1 August of the year and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months’ notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment, the limit is 32 years.
For ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service, the limit is 32 years.
For PwD candidates, the limit is 37 years.
For Domiciles of Jammu and Kashmir from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989, the limit is 32 years.
For the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) category, the standard age limits apply.
Number of Attempts
The number of times a candidate can appear for the exam are given below.
General category candidates – 6
OBC category candidates – 9
SC/ST candidates – unlimited attempts till 37 years of age.
Appearing to attempt one of the papers in the preliminary examination is counted as an attempt, including disqualification/ cancellation of candidature. However, applying to sit the exam but failing to attend is not counted as an attempt.
Vacancies and selection
Generally the number of vacancies varies every year. The number of candidates that pass the preliminary examination is generally 11 or 12 times the number of vacancies, and the number of candidates selected for the final interview is twice the number of vacancies. As per existing policies, reservation for SC/ST/OBC is applied to each level of the selection process.
List of Services
Following are the services which one gets on qualifying the Civil Service Examination
All India Services
Indian Administrative Service(IAS)
Indian Police Service(IPS)
Central Service (Group A)
Indian Foreign Service(IFS)
Indian Audit and Accounts Service(IA&AS)
Indian Civil Accounts Service(ICAS)
Indian Corporate Law Service(ICLS)
Indian Defence Accounts Service(IDAS)
Indian Defence Estates Service(IDES)
Indian Information Service(IIS)
Indian Telecommunication Service(ITS)
Indian Ordnance Factories Service(IOFS)
Indian Postal Service(IPoS)
Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service(IP&TAFS)
Indian Railway Management Service(IRMS)
Indian Railway Protection Force Service(IRPFS)
Indian Revenue Service(IRS-IT)
Indian Revenue Service(IRS-C&CE)
Indian Trade Service(ITrS)
Central Service (Group B)
Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services(AFHCS)
Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service(DANICS)
Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service(DANIPS)